Making your own cosmetics can be highly rewarding, allowing you to create truly custom colors at a fraction of the cost of commercial products, all while avoiding toxic ingredients. Use this how-to article as a guide for using pigment powders when making homemade cosmetic products.SAFETY INFORMATION AND SUPPLIES FOR WORKING WITH PIGMENT POWDERS
Pigment powders are safe and non-toxic, and intended for use in soap and cosmetic products. With the exception of a few highlighted below, all are are safe and approved in the US for the eye, lip and skin cosmetics. When working with pigment powders to create homemade cosmetics, it is helpful to have the following supplies on hand:
Step 1: Place a piece of wax paper on a kitchen scale and reset the scale to zero.
Step 2: Measure pigment powders onto wax paper and combine by stirring carefully with a spoon.
Step 3: For very small amounts, using a scale can help measure by weight. For larger amounts, using teaspoon measurements works fine also.
Step 4: If mixing large amounts of pigment powders, stirring powders through a sifter multiple times helps to thoroughly combine the colors.
COLOR TERMS TO UNDERSTAND
There are many terms used to describe color. Here are some basic definitions to help clarify:
For skin tone matching, you not only want to seek the right hue (color), but also the appropriate saturation and tint or shade.
For color corrections you generally want to mask a color using its color wheel opposite. The colors across from each other on the spectrum are opposites, so they cancel each other out when used for color-correction. Once you have a base that matches your skin tone, add the following:
A simple method to create a trio of harmonizing shades is to begin with one hue and create a range of tints and shades to be your light, medium and dark.
For example: lavender, lavender and white, and lavender and black
From here you can experiment widely creating varying hues and saturations by combining 2 or more colors, then various tints, shades and tones of each.
Mixing Pigment Powders for Lip Cosmetics
A wide variety of hues, with varying saturations and shades, can be created using the pigments approved for lips. Remember that all the oxides and manganese violet are approved for lip use, whereas the ultramarines and chromium dioxides are not.
Warm hues can be easily created using red, brown and yellow oxides. Cool hues can be made using purple pigment powder mixed with red or brown oxide. Remember that white can be added to tint a color, black can be added to shade and grey can be added to tone.
To create a more saturated lipstick, add more total pigment powder to your end product.